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The problem of the crisis and anomie of the person’s system of values and the methodology of its overcoming in the post-war period

The Science Committee of the Republic of Armenia announces

Research Professorship Program



The goal of the program is research of the post-war period of the Artsakh conflict in 2020, the organization of socio-psychological research on the behavioral anomalous manifestations of individuals and social groups and on the crisis of the value system of a person, due to which it will be possible to define the modern conceptual framework of the crisis of values. The duration of the project is three years, during which it is planned to conduct a research aimed at revealing the video-methodological basis of the problem and analyzing the results of the experimental research. It is planned to involve at least 500 participants from different regions of the Republic of Armenia in the experimental research phase. The research work that is the result of the project is intended to be linked to the educational process, ensuring the awareness of the student body on the issue, to create subject programs that address the in-depth issues of the project.

1. Analysis of the current state of the problem

Large-scale social changes include war, which completely disrupts the psychological and moral image of any society, causing value system crises, mental turmoil, stress, internal and external conflicts, various antisocial behaviors and mood swings.

Not only the course of the war itself, but also the difficult post-war period, when the system of personal values and assessments among the members of the society changes, leaves its mark on the values of social coexistence. Existential questions such as who am I, what can I do, who can I trust, how should I live, what can I change, etc., which require not only immediate, but untraditional answers and solutions.

As this period is characterized by the growing need to perceive new social realities, to survive the aftermath of war, and the accompanying transformation of a person's value system, it is no coincidence that the study of the period of socialization of a person in society is of great importance for different social disciplines. Therefore, in order to present the psychological aspect of the study of the problem in a more complete way, it is necessary to include a number of social sciences and anthropological sciences, in particular ethnography, history, sociology, methodology and a wide range of scientific problems.

The radical changes that take place in any society in the post-war period directly affect the social, economic, moral and psychological atmosphere of the society, the mental state and behavior of the population. Phenomena of socio-psychological marginalization emerge, psychological defense mechanisms are activated or transformed, giving birth to anomic manifestations rooted in pre-war, different from socially significant behavior, which are "fed" by subjective perceptions of new post-war realities.

The post-war period is characterized by the development of pessimistic moods, declining ambitions, tensions, distrust of the future, stresses and conflicts, and large-scale migration processes that undermine the foundations of a nation's survival. Anomic manifestations can be seen in almost all spheres of the collective life of the society - economic, social-psychological, national - which lead to the destabilization of the society in general, in particular, the crisis of the self-value system. In the conditions of such tendencies, the possibility of the development of psychopathological and socially centrifugal phenomena becomes obvious.

In the post-war society, due to anomic behavioral manifestations of individuals and social groups, psychological adaptation and disadaptation, the growing crisis of the value system of the person, it becomes urgent to organize joint socio-psychological-anthropological researches on the latter: the use of psychological mechanisms.

In general, the scientific literature on the issue distinguishes sociological, political, philosophical directions of the study of the value system, the representatives of which viewed the issue in a rather broad context, including almost all spheres of social and cultural life (Park, E. Stonewist, D. Golovensky, A. Green, M. Goldberg, E. Hughes, H.F. Dicky-Clark, T. Shibutani, J. Mancini et al). In recent years, researchers from the CIS countries (E. Starikov, A.I. Atoyan, A.A. Amirova, A. Gorbach, V.A. Shapinski, N.A. Frolova, S.A. Krasnodemskaya, I. Popova, N. Navjavanov, S.P. Bankovskaya et al) have made significant achievements in the field of value system research..

In the post-war period, the problem of the value system of the individual, due to its multifaceted questions, is in the center of attention of various researchers: philosophers, sociologists, ethnographers, culturologists and other sciences. In their works, G.D. Lulov, A. R. Lourian, D.V. Cherbunin, L.I. Bayeva and others discussed various issues related to the phenomenon.

It should be noted that the psychological side of the crisis of a person's value system in the post-war period is incomparably poorly studied. There is no description of socio-psychological cause-and-effect chains that would combine value systems and manifestations of anomie.

The practical side of the problem especially is studied very little if at all. The psychological mechanisms are not separated, the ways of extinguishing the negative potential of the behavior typical of the crisis of the value system of the person in the post-war period are not fixed, the manifestations of anomie are not developed, the constructive functions of social-psychological work are not specified. The latter are also on the agenda for today's Armenian reality.

In such conditions, one of the priority tasks of the psychological discipline is to formulate the conceptual field of the value system crisis in the post-war period, to define the comprehensive term of anomie and the social, psychological, national peculiarities of manifestation, to study, analyze, interpret the methodology of interdisciplinary relations of problem research and to predict the ways of overcoming the negative potential. This research can be an effective tool for overcoming the set tasks to find the mechanisms for mitigating and neutralizing the destructive directions of the social-psychological problems caused by the manifestations of the value system crisis.

2.    Scientific goals and tasks of the topic

The scientific goals of the topic are:

1. To study the modern definitions of the crisis and anomie of the value system of a person in the post-war period in the social-psychological discipline.

2. To study the socio-psychological preconditions of the crisis and anomie manifestations in the value system of the individual in the post-war period, the causal relations, the characteristic features of the behavior, the manifestations, the ways of redemption of the negative potential.

3. To study the changes in social behavior as a result of the manifestations of the crisis-anomie of the value system of a person in the post-war period, the forms of social-psychological adaptation and disadaptation, to find out the mechanisms of their operation, to present practical ways of overcoming the problem.

The tasks aimed at achieving scientific goals are:

1. To study the professional literature, to make comparative analyses of psychological, historical, ethnographic and sociological researches on the issue.

2. To study the transformations of the value system of the person in the conditions of social-psychological marginalization, the destructive movement of thinking and behavior, to present psycho-corrective methods and means to regulate the problem.

4. To study, to identify the forms of social-psychological constructive adaptation of social groups and individuals in the post-war period, to develop the mechanisms of their implementation.

5. Develop and present the main strategic models of integration of individuals with social crisis and anomie into society, psychological defense and compensatory mechanisms.

6. Link the ongoing research activities with the educational process, ensuring the awareness of the student body on the issue; create university curricula that address the deep issues of the issue.

7. Publicize research results through a collective monograph of scientific articles.

3.    Research program

Based on the goals of the topic, we plan to implement the following research program:

1. Present a joint definition of the value crisis and anomie in the post-war period.

2. Identify the causal links and characterization criteria of the development of the value system crisis and anomie.

3. Identify and present the limits of differentiation of the value system crisis.

4. Develop psychological mechanisms for measuring the crisis of the value system in the post-war period.

5. Introduce the interdisciplinary connections of the methodology of measuring the crisis of the value system in the post-war period.

6. Develop ways to extinguish the negative potential of anomic behavior manifested in the post-war period.

7. Create and publicize psychological mechanisms of social integration in the post-war period.

8. Study the manifestations of marginalization of the value system in the post-war period with the help of social-psychological methods.

9. According to the typology of the crisis and anomie, develop social-psychological models of working with relevant social groups and present their interdisciplinary connections.

10. Provide coverage and publicity of the issue during the project.

4.    Scientific methods of implementation

In order to implement the research program, we plan to use the following social-psychological methods.

a) Observation

b) Interview

c) Independent Characteristics Survey

d) Biographical method

e) Rodgers-Diamond adaptation level psychiatric diagnosis

f) Sociometry

g) Methodology for revealing Leonhard's character accentuation

h) Q-sampling method for self-assessment

i) Rokeach’s methodology for revealing values

j) Thomas’s conflict detection methodology

k) Rosenzweig’s methodology for diagnosing frustration

l) Cattel’s factor analysis of personality

m) Sacks–Levy’s sentence completion test

n) Focus group

The research is planned to be carried out in the following target groups:

1. Participants of the war

2. Family members of war veterans

3. Family members of war victims

4. Family members of missing servicemen

5. Professional groups operating during the war (doctors, rescuers, social workers)

6. Homeless people in the post-war period

7. Unemployed people in the post-war period

8. Persons who kept their jobs in the post-war period

9. Persons uninvolved in the war

10. Urban residents

11. Villagers

12. Residents of the border area

13. Residents of non-border areas

14. Geographically and culturally marginalized groups in the post-war period (persons with migration status, ethnic marginal groups, religious-national minorities)

15. Post-war marginalized groups with deviant behavior.

The above-mentioned target groups participating in the research will be divided into subgroups according to gender and age. We plan to carry out the research in the city of Yerevan and in all the regions of the Republic of Armenia.

For the implementation of the research program, we plan to study the mentioned target groups according to age, position, gender and other groups, carrying out psycho-correction work accordingly.

After summarizing the results of the psycho-diagnostic work, it is planned to compile the typology of the value system crisis and anomie in the post-war period, to implement preventive measures of the corresponding psycho-structural characteristics. As a stress-relieving measure, we plan to organize a training program – "Development of Assertive Behavior Skills" – aimed at improving positive self-perception and social skills.

The program will be publicized through the publication of scientific and informative articles, the shooting of social advertisements, and the publication of a monograph.

First quarter / 2021 - October, November, December /

Examining the theoretical bases of the study of the problem, analyzing the achievements of other social sciences and anthropological disciplines

Second quarter / 2022 - January, February, March/

Assembling the research set, separating the target groups, organizing experimental research preparatory work, developing questionnaires.

Third quarter / 2022 - April, May, June /

Carrying out psycho-diagnostic works in Yerevan. Revealing anomic manifestations of the value system crisis in the post-war period.

Fourth quarter / 2022 - July, August, September /

Implementation of psycho-diagnostic works in 5 regions of the Republic of Armenia. Revealing anomic manifestations of the value system crisis in the post-war period.

Fifth quarter / 2022 - October, November, December /

Elaboration of the achieved results, detection of the value system-behavioral changes of the people in the post-war period, clarification of disadaptation forms and mechanisms of operation.

Making social advertisements.

Publicity of the program.

Sixth quarter

/ 2023 - January, February, March /

Carrying out stress-relieving activities in Yerevan. Discovering opportunities for adaptation, social integration and assertive behavior in the post-war period.

Seventh quarter

/ 2023 - April, May, June /

Implementation of stress-relieving activities in 5 regions of the Republic of Armenia. Identifying opportunities for adaptation, social integration and assertive behavior in the post-war period.

Eighth quarter

/ 2023 - July, August, September /

Classification of groups of socially marginalized persons according to the obtained results, development of strategic-methodological models.

Ninth quarter

/ 2023 - October, November, December /

Identification of constructive-destructive mechanisms of behavior of marginal target groups, development and implementation of constructive adaptation tools.

Publish article(s).

Tenth quarter

/ 2024 - January, February, March /

Repeat meeting with target groups - implementation of trainings in Yerevan.

Making social advertisements.

Eleventh quarter

/ 2024 - April, May, June /

Repeat meeting with target groups - implementation of trainings in 5 regions of the Republic of Armenia.

Publication of article(s), publicity of the program.

Twelfth quarter

/ 2024 - July, August, September /

Publication of scientific articles based on practical, initial results of the research, development of university interdisciplinary programs, publication of a collective monograph.

Publicity of the program.

6.     Available and necessary material resources

The program will be implemented at the International Scientific-Educational Center of NAS RA. The material, technical and laboratory bases of the Center will be used, as well as the library fund of NAS RA. For the successful implementation of the program, the members of the group will need stationery, salary, material resources for business trips, money for the publication of a collective monograph, filming and broadcasting of social advertisements.

7.     Prerequisites for international cooperation, as well as utility and expected results

In the 21st century, when unprecedented socio-political, socio-economic and socio-cultural events and large-scale changes are taking place in the world, the modern concept of history is taking on a new face of expression. It should be emphasized that in the present period, history is explained not only by the issue of chronological connection, but also by the existence of the problem of crisis in all aspects of public life, in particular, the value system of the individual. It is during this period that globalization processes take place, which increase the interest in the crisis of the value system of a person – the social-psychological impact.

In view of the above, the vision of presenting the results of research on the problem in international scientific platforms and exchanging research experience becomes more relevant. This result is expected to be achieved through the publication of scientific articles, the dissemination of social advertisements and the publicity of the program during implementation. Scientific publications will be the basis for further international conferences and forums.

8.     The Group's achievements in this area

The members of the group have adequate experience in the field of psychology and social sciences and in the implementation of research programs, psychological work with vulnerable groups, the use of psycho-correctional and psychological methods, as well as public relations and teaching. The head of the group is a doctor, professor, two members are candidates of sciences, the fourth member is a postgraduate student specializing in psychology.

The group has experience of working together. It is worth mentioning the socio-psychological research on disasters and risk reduction carried out by the group in 5 regions of Armenia (2013-2014), the work on the existence of trafficking, the identification and overcoming of its socio-psychological causal links, the publicization of the problem (2012-2013). Within the framework of the activities of the "Association of Women Servants of the Armenian Nation" NGO, the group also conducted research in the field of professional orientation and career management in Syunik, Vayots Dzor, Gegharkunik and Aragatsotn regions of the Republic of Armenia, conducted trainings and socio-psychological work on career management. The group's achievements were regularly covered and made public. It should be noted that the group, together with the Methodological Center for Professional Orientation of the Ministry of Social Affairs of the Republic of Armenia, organized the "Career Management Issues and Development Trends" conference in 2014.

Naira Hakobyan is a doctor of psychological sciences, professor.

Field of scientific interests: social psychology.

The subject has been in the center of her attention since 1995, first in the framework of her PhD and then in her doctoral dissertations. She is the author of numerous articles and monographs on the issue. Dr. Hakobyan’s point of view does not miss the problems of social life, which are often derived from the issue of social marginalization, raises new social-psychological problems: emigration, social divisiveness, trafficking phenomena, the existence of antisocial "illegal criminogenic groups". N. Hakobyan has more than 20 years of scientific-pedagogical, scientific-organizational work experience. She has extensive experience working on grant programs.

N. Hakobyan is also engaged in training scientific personnel. Her dissertations, which address deep social and psychological issues, are successfully defended and praised by experts. Her co-authored teaching aids are widely used in the implementation of higher education in psychology. Since 2008 she has been the editor-in-chief of the scientific journal of the inter-university consortium "Problems of Pedagogy and Psychology" and the coordinator of the consortium's work.

The second member of the group, Anna Khachatryan, is a candidate of psychological sciences.

Field of scientific interests: social psychology. She is the author of a number of articles on the issue. Particular attention was paid to the study of a person's value system and psychological defense mechanisms in emergencies. During the 2020 hostilities A. Khachatryan volunteered to provide psychological counseling and assistance to wounded servicemen.

The next member of the group, Artak Dabaghyan, is a candidate of historical sciences, a senior researcher at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia. Areas of scientific interest include ethnic conflicts, anthropology of war, ethnography of border areas, ethnography of resettlement in liberated territories. He is the author of numerous articles and monographs. Participated in the 1992-1994 Artsakh War and was awarded the NKR Medal of Courage.

The other member of the group, Victoria Sarjanyan, is a social worker by profession. She has actively worked with and aided displaced Artsakh families both during the war and in the post-war period, carried out need evaluation and counseling, identifying concrete problems and proposing methods to overcome them. Within the framework of her master's thesis she studies the current demographic problems and their solutions in the Armenian society. Has volunteer experience working with children from displaced families, actively worked with families affected by the war and soldiers.

9.     Quantitative and qualitative indicators of expected results (including publicly available) (publications, conferences, application of innovative capacity (technological investment, demonstration, sample, prototype, etc.), management of intellectual property (patent, copyright, etc.))

As a result of the project implementation, it is expected to have:

1. A conceptual model of the preconditions of the value system crisis and their emergence in the post-war period, the cause-and-effect relations, the methods of diminishing the negative potential of anomic manifestations.

2. Developed models of persons’ behavioral changes, of social and psychological adaptation/disadaptation forms, of mechanisms of their operation, of practical ways of overcoming. A developed methodology on transforming the deconstructive into constructive (constructive orientation) and guidance thereof in the post-war period.

3. Psycho-corrective methods and measures regulating the transformation of value and disposition systems of persons and social groups in the post-war period, as well as the destructive thinking and behavior process.

4. Developed main strategic-methodological models on the integration of people in the post-war period into society, their psychological protection and compensatory mechanisms, roadmaps for their overcoming the negative potential of social marginalization.

5. Developed university curricula addressing the foundational issues, included in the education plans of the International Scientific-Educational Center of NAS RA.

6. Social advertising on the subject matter.

7. Published articles on the subject.

8. A published collective monograph.

9. Coverage and publicity of current, hitherto undiscovered layers of the subject matter.

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